Oxycodone is an opioid and prescription painkiller that can produce powerful sensations of euphoria when used. These feelings of euphoria and opioid status can cause oxycodone addiction and abuse. Over 2 million people in the United States have an addiction to prescription painkillers, including those containing oxycodone. In addition, as of 2015, over 20,000 Americans had overdosed on prescription opioids, including oxycodone.
What is Oxycodone?
Oxycodone is one of the most powerful and one of the main ingredients in many painkillers prescribed to people suffering severe pain because of various illnesses and other reasons.
Oxycodone pills may be made in various shapes, sizes, and colors depending on the band and dose. This drug is also prescribed in a liquid form, mostly being prescribed as a combination product with other drugs, such as acetaminophen aspirin, and ibuprofen, with different brand names depending on the combination. Some of the most common brand names for oxycodone-based drugs include the following:
OxyContin is among the most commonly abused prescription drugs. This drug has a controlled-release formula that blocks all the chronic pain messages for up to 12 hours. Many people bypass the time-release action by snorting or crushing OxyContin, and also dissolving the tablets in water and injecting the substance. Through the injection, people can achieve the full effect of the drug all at once.
Percocet is a mixture of acetaminophen and oxycodone. It is commonly prescribed for various conditions with pain ranging from mild to severe. Similar to OxyContin, crushing, and snorting Percocet is a common method of abuse. Other modes of abuse are:
- Taking more than the prescribed Percocet dosage
- Taking the drug for longer than the prescribed period of time
- Chewing or injecting Percocet
Roxicodone similar to OxyContin is a rapid release formula of oxycodone that is used to treat moderate to severe pain. It is often given to a patient before surgery to sedate and calm them and for around-the-clock pain management. When abused, the drug causes a very quick high in the user. People addicted to Roxicodone often crush or meltdown the tablets to be smoked or injected.
There are also other slang and street names for oxycodone drugs including:
- hillbilly heroin
People prescribed an oxycodone-based painkiller may be suffering from cancer, arthritis, or other physical disorders, or they may receive a short-term prescription after surgery or trauma. Prescription forms of oxycodone are designed to provide around-the-clock relief.
Oxycodone is made by modifying thebaine, an organic chemical found in opium. Designated as an opioid, or semi-synthetic opiate, oxycodone shares a general classification with heroin, hydrocodone, and oxymorphone. Oxycodone is classified as a Schedule II drug which means that even if it has a definite medical purpose, there is a high potential for addiction and abuse.
Addiction to Oxycodone
In this section, West Valley Detox will tell about how do people reach to addiction to oxycodone
While oxycodone has many legitimate medical uses for pain control, especially for people with severe pain, it can quickly become addictive. Oxycodone, along with numerous other types of opioid painkillers, can lead to addiction if used for a longer period of time or used in ways other than how it was prescribed.
Oxycodone is part of the opioid class of drugs that were prescribed in large numbers during the 1990s. People who took these medications, and the doctors who prescribed them, did not fully understand how addictive they were.
To stem the tide of opioid misuse and overdoses, Federal and State governments worked to implement more control over oxycodone and other opioid prescriptions. These prescription-monitoring programs helped to curb opioid misuse by reducing overprescribing and doctor-shopping, a process where people would obtain legal opioid prescriptions from multiple doctors.
Unfortunately, there was an unintended outcome of prescription-monitoring programs, as people who were then unable to obtain oxycodone and other opioids started to turn to heroin as a substitute. Although heroin is an illicit drug with no medical purpose, it is cheaper and easier to obtain than opioid painkillers, such as oxycodone.
Oxycodone effects can vary from mild to serious and are both short-term and long-term in nature. Some of these effects can be pleasant, while others are hard to cope with.
Short-Term Effects of Oxycodone
The short-term effects of oxycodone include:
- Pain relief
The sensation of euphoria can make oxycodone and other opioids addictive for many. Even in people who rarely use, or use it for the first time, the risk of overdose is also a possible short-term effect of use.
Long Term Side Effects of Oxycodone
Chronic abuse of oxycodone and other opioids can lead to serious mental and physical issues. These long-term side effects of Oxycodone can include:
- Chronic constipation
- Negative effects on the reproductive system for women
- Increased danger to the fetus during pregnancy
- Sleep disturbances
- Increased risk of falls and fractures, especially in women, and in older people
- The physical dependence on oxycodone
- Oxycodone addiction
Signs of Oxycodone Addiction
How can you tell if someone is abusing Oxycodone?
It is not always easy to determine if someone is addicted to oxycodone or other opioids. Physical and behavioral symptoms can become apparent if you know what to look for. In the following sections, you will learn more about the physical and behavioral signs of oxycodone addiction.
Physical Signs of Oxycodone Addiction
The physical signs of oxycodone addiction can include:
- Intense cravings for oxycodone.
- Experiencing physical symptoms of withdrawal when oxycodone is not taken. These include sweating, nausea, gooseflesh, and body aches.
Behavioral Signs of Oxycodone Addiction
In addition to the physical symptoms of oxycodone addiction, a person may display a few or all of the following behavioral signs of oxycodone addiction:
- Using more of the drug than prescribed.
- Ignoring family responsibilities, such as caring for children, to use oxycodone.
- Not fulfilling work duties, such as calling in sick or missing work, due to using.
- Using oxycodone in unintended ways, such as snorting or injecting the drug.
- Spending time and resources locating, using, and recovering from using oxycodone.
- Using despite knowing oxycodone makes your medical or psychological issues worse.
- Giving up things you enjoy doing (i.e., hobbies) to use oxycodone.
In fact, around 80% of all heroin users report first using prescription opioids, which is a reversal from heroin use in the 1960s and 1970s, when heroin was the first opioid drug that 80% of people used prior to using prescription opioids.
Oxycodone Treatment at West Valley Detox
There is a multitude of effective methods at West Valley Detox to overcome your oxycodone addiction, with more evidence-supported methods being researched all the time.
Opioid addiction changes your communication and brain chemistry, so treatment has to address those issues. In turn, your behavior, moods, and thought processes are changed, so our treatment addresses those changes as well. Withdrawal, tolerance, and residual effects (like lack of nutrition, exercise, and sleep) affect your body, and treatment must also work to reverse these changes.
This is a tall order, but in the right environment, and with the right people behind you, it can be done. The following are some of the most effective, evidence-based methods available at West Valley Detox:
- Counseling: family, group, and individual
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
- Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
- Treatment for men
- Treatment for women
- Skill building
- Medication-assisted therapy
- Medically supervised detoxification
- Co-occurring disorder treatment
- Motivational interviewing
Contact us or call 818-873-4243 for more information.