Table of Contents
- Choose West Valley Detox for Cocaine Addiction Treatment in California
- What Is Cocaine?
- How Does Cocaine Work?
- The Immediate Effects of Cocaine
- Why Is Cocaine Addiction Dangerous?
- Cocaine Addiction Treatment Options
Choose West Valley Detox for Cocaine Addiction Treatment in California
The United States is facing a serious problem with cocaine abuse and the number of users is increasing every year. A survey conducted by The National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), reported that over 15% of American adults have tried cocaine. Although trying a substance does not mean there is an addiction to it, it does show that cocaine is widely available and used. The drug is highly addictive and abuse of the substance can cause numerous physical and mental health problems.
West Valley Detox has an experienced team at their residential facility to oversee patients through the withdrawal process and treatment for cocaine addiction. With assistance provided for both the physical and psychological effects of cocaine withdrawal symptoms, West Valley Detox is a safe and controlled cocaine detox choice in California. A safe and comfortable process is essential for completing a successful cocaine detox. To learn more about our facility located in Tarzana, California, call us on 818 873 4468 or complete our online contact form found on our website.
What Is Cocaine?
Cocaine is a highly addictive and illicit stimulant derived from the leaves of the coca plant. The substance is typically sold in a white powder or synthesized into crystals or rocks as “crack.”
The drug can be snorted, smoked, or injected to produce a brief euphoric, energizing, and exhilarating feeling. The high from cocaine can last a few minutes to an hour but it is followed by an unpleasant comedown. Some of the street names for cocaine include coke, blow, rock, snow, or crack (which is short for crack cocaine)
There is some legal use of cocaine for medicinal use but generally, the use is mainly illicit. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency classifies cocaine as a Schedule II narcotic Despite the legality of the use of the drug, it is still very popular and in 2019, over 2 million Americans over the age of 12 admitted to using cocaine within the past month.
How Does Cocaine Work?
As with most other substances that create a feeling of euphoria or high, cocaine blocks the reabsorption of dopamine by nerve cells in the brain. The neurotransmitter dopamine is essential to the regulation of movement, emotional responses, and the ability to feel pleasure.
Cocaine blocks the reabsorption of dopamine by nerve cells in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that regulates movement, emotional response, and the ability to experience pleasure.
Dopamine is released by a neuron into the synapse, where it can bind to dopamine receptors on neighboring neurons in normal neural communication. A specialized protein called the dopamine transporter will then recycle the dopamine back into the transmitting neuron. When cocaine is present in the brain, it attaches to the dopamine transporter and inhibits the normal recycling process. It is the buildup of dopamine in the synapse that causes the energy, alertness, and pleasurable “high” feeling.
The Immediate Effects of Cocaine
Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that affects the brain’s pleasure centers. It causes feelings of euphoria and excitement, but it also increases heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and appetite. People who use cocaine may experience tremors, vertigo, and muscle twitches. The immediate effects of the substance may include:
- Increased talking
- Dilated pupils.
- Extreme energy.
- Mental alertness.
The side effects of cocaine use include:
- Aggressive behavior.
- Constricted blood vessels.
- Decreased appetite.
- Extended wakefulness.
- Fast or irregular heartbeat.
- Irritability and restlessness.
- Raised body temperature and blood pressure.
- Sensitivity to light, sound, and touch.
- Tremors and muscle twitches.
Why Is Cocaine Addiction Dangerous?
Cocaine is highly addictive, and it can be difficult to quit using the drug without professional help. Many people who use it develop an addiction to the drug, which can be difficult to treat and overcome without professional help.
At first, cocaine may seem like a harmless, fun, and exciting drug. However, many people who have used cocaine regularly for an extended period of time begin to develop psychological and physical problems that are caused by the drug’s effects on the body.
Continued long-term cocaine use has many adverse side effects and will cause dire health risks. The functions of many of the body’s major organs particularly the cardiovascular system will be affected. Cocaine causes disturbances to the heart rhythm, inflammation of the heart’s muscles, aortic ruptures, and the ability of the heart to contract.
Malnutrition is another long-term effect. Cocaine abusers neglect eating habits and the use of the drug also reduces blood flow in the gastro-intestinal tract producing tears and ulcers. Renal and liver failure can also happen.
Furthermore, the addiction causes impaired cognitive functions, increases blood pressure drastically, raises the body temperature, causes acute coronary syndrome, and increases the chances of strokes and seizures.
Sorting cocaine results in a damaged nasal cavity causing frequent nosebleeds, persistent runny nose, and the loss of smell. The lung sacks are damaged with difficulty breathing, fever, coughing up blood, and respiratory failure.
Injecting cocaine carries the risk of overdose and various needle drug-use-associated diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis. Skin infections and endocarditis are also related to injecting the drug.
The high risk of overdosing on cocaine makes it a dangerous drug with results in seizures, heart attacks, cardiac arrest, stroke, and even death. In 2018, a study found that nearly 15,000 people died of a cocaine overdose in that year.
This deliberating drug addiction is hard to recover from but can be treated. If you or someone you love is suffering from cocaine addiction, it is never to late to get help. Call us at West Valley Detox to speak to our expert addiction specialist who will guide you through our treatment options.
Cocaine Addiction Treatment Options
The best treatment option is to get help from a dedicated substance abuse treatment center. These could either be residential facilities or outpatient clinics. Receiving medically supervised detox from cocaine is also essential.
There are several types of residential or inpatient treatment programs available. These are where the person receiving treatment stays at the facility and gets around-the-clock supervision and treatment.
Outpatient facilities or clinics are where the person stays at home but attends a program that includes individual as well as group counseling. Outpatient treatment suits those who are more motivated and disciplined and also for those who need to continue with their daily life such as work and family responsibilities.
A cocaine detoxification process is typical before starting treatment. Medically supervised detox is essential to combat any cocaine withdrawal symptoms as well as help the person’s body stop producing the chemicals that cause the cocaine craving.
This process can take about two days with assistance from medical professionals. Cocaine detox can be dangerous as it can cause heart attacks, seizures, or death if not properly done correctly.
A cocaine treatment center like West Valley Detox can provide you or someone you love with the best available assistance and treatment for cocaine addiction. With highly professional staff and a team that is experienced, you know that you will be in safe hands at West Valley Detox.