What is Cocaine?
Cocaine is a white powdery substance that reacts with the body’s central nervous system, producing euphoria and energy. It is generally snorted, but can also be smoked, known as “freebasing” as well as dissolved in water and injected. Cocaine has also other names such as coke, blow, or powder.
Most of the cocaine abusers have recognized this as an addictive drug, yet thousands are still drawn to it. It is also known that most of the Americans “simply” experiment with cocaine for the first time each day.
Cocaine is a powerful and dangerous stimulant that can cause significant physical and psychological harm.
When you use cocaine, the drug can cause different intense, but short-lived pleasurable effects, prompting repeated use for re-experiencing the effects. However, users can also experience a physical and psychological crash when the effects of cocaine wear off. Longer-term, it can lead to people suffering from anxiety, depression, paranoia as well as panic attacks.
Cocaine Effects and Abuse
Firstly, note, that any use of cocaine is considered abuse as long as it is an illegal substance. AS it was already mentioned, cocaine is a central nervous system stimulant and it affects the brain by stimulating high levels of dopamine, a brain chemical associated with pleasure and reward. Day by day, Cocaine affects more and more negatively every part of the body with the potential for severe long-term effects. It can cause changes to genetics in brain and nerve cells and also proteins, among other permanent effects.
Other effects of using cocaine may include:
How people use cocaine also alters the potency and duration of the effects. The effects of snorting it are short-lived, lasting approximately 15-30 minutes. Smoking or injecting cocaine is more intense but lasts for an even shorter period, from 5 to 10 minutes. Most cocaine users will dose frequently to maintain the desired effects. Injecting the drug poses a higher risk of overdose than snorting.
Cocaine abuse is particularly dangerous because continued use can cause strain on the heart. In the frequent cocaine users, the most common cause of death is a stroke or cardiac arrest.
Addiction to Cocaine
Craving cocaine and ignoring the consequences that come with it are signs of an addiction.
The psychological addiction is often the hardest part to overcome, although there are undeniable physical symptoms of addiction as well. Someone who uses cocaine regularly there is an unavoidable big chance that will develop a dependence on it, meaning they need to have it in order to feel normal. Once a dependence has developed, a tolerance will develop and withdrawal symptoms will occur when stopping use.
Once someone becomes addicted to cocaine, it can be very hard to stop. This is because cocaine abnormally increases the level of dopamine in the brain, eventually reprogramming the brain reward system.
Treatment at West Valley Detox
Our teams of addiction specialists provide focused treatment for single and multi-substance addictions. Here, at West Valley Detox, you can find the best flexible rehabilitation and addiction detox options, and you will receive world-class treatment aided by round-the-clock staffing and highly experienced nursing staff.
Treatment for cocaine addiction can take place as part of our 28-day Addiction Treatment Programme, with the length and type of treatment that you receive, dependent on your unique condition and the severity of your addiction.
The first step on the road to recovery is accepting that you have a problem.
Detoxification and psychotherapy are some of the methods that are used to treat drug dependency, with abstinence being the ultimate goal. Treatment for drug dependency is based on an intensive program of group work and individual support and counseling.
Types of Cocaine Addiction Treatment
Depending upon your specific needs and goals, your path to recovery from cocaine addiction may include a combination of the following:
Cocaine Detox Program
The cocaine detox program is a medically assisted withdrawal detoxification in which you can rid your body of cocaine with maximum safety and minimal discomfort.
Intensive private addiction treatment services from multidisciplinary teams of consultant psychiatrists and psychologists, therapists, and nurses, with 24-hour care and support.
Day Care Therapy
Structured and supportive care to promote continued recovery from cocaine addiction, with flexible treatment hours to accommodate your personal and professional responsibilities. This type of care allows you to continue with personal and professional responsibilities, where you would attend therapy for a number of days each week, but return to your home each evening.
Ideal as a step-down from daycare provides limited ongoing support as you transition out of care and re-establish a healthy independent lifestyle with the required techniques and coping mechanisms to return to your daily life without the need to use cocaine.
This therapy provides a confidential environment in which you can process successes and setbacks during your recovery journey, allowing you to address issues that you may be hesitant to bring up in a group session and receive personalized feedback from an experienced professional.
Group therapy allows you to share your insights, learn from the experiences of others who are recovering from cocaine addiction or other mental health conditions and addictions, and practice healthy interpersonal communication skills under the guidance and supervision of one or more trained and experienced professionals.
The types of treatment that you receive as you recover from your cocaine addiction, will depend upon a variety of factors, including your needs and goals, your progress to date, the presence of any co-occurring mental health issues, and the level at which you are currently receiving care.